- Newman, John Henry
- (1801-1890)Theologian, s. of a London banker, and brother of the above, was ed. at Ealing and Trinity Coll., Oxf., where he was the intimate friend of Pusey and Hurrell Froude. Taking orders he was successively curate of St. Clement's 1824, and Vicar of St. Mary's, Oxford, 1828. He was also Vice-principal of Alban Hall, where he assisted Whately, the Principal, in his Logic. In 1830 he definitely broke with the evangelicalism in which he had been brought up; and in 1832, accompanied by H. Froude, went to the South of Europe, and visited Rome. During this lengthened tour he wrote most of his short poems, including "Lead Kindly Light," which were pub. 1834 as Lyra Apostolica. On his return he joined with Pusey, Keble, and others in initiating the Tractarian movement, and contributed some of the more important tracts, including the fateful No. xc., the publication of which brought about a crisis in the movement which, after two years of hesitation and mental and spiritual conflict, led to the resignation by N. of his benefice. In 1842 he retired to Littlemore, and after a period of prayer, fasting, and seclusion, was in 1845 received into the Roman Catholic Church. In the following year he went to Rome, where he was ordained priest and made D.D., and returning to England he established the oratory in Birmingham in 1847, and that in London in 1850. A controversy with C. Kingsley, who had written that N. "did not consider truth a necessary virtue," led to the publication of his Apologia pro Vita Sua (1864), one of the most remarkable books of religious autobiography ever written. N.'s later years were passed at the oratory at Birmingham. In 1879 he was summoned to Rome and cr. Cardinal of St. George in Velabro. Besides the works above mentioned he wrote, among others, The Arians of the Fourth Century (1833), Twelve Lectures (1850), Lectures on the Present Position of Catholics (1851), Idea of a University, Romanism and Popular Protestantism, Disquisition on the Canon of Scripture, and his poem, The Dream of Gerontius. Possessed of one of the most keen and subtle intellects of his age, N. was also master of a style of marvellous beauty and power. To many minds, however, his subtlety not seldom appeared to pass into sophistry; and his attitude to schools of thought widely differing from his own was sometimes harsh and unsympathetic. On the other hand he was able to exercise a remarkable influence over men ecclesiastically, and in some respects religiously, most strongly opposed to him. His sermons place him in the first rank of English preachers.Lives or books about him by R.H. Hutton, E.A. Abbott. Works (36 vols., 1868-81), Apologia pro Vita Sua (1864), etc.
Short biographical dictionary of English literature . John W. Cousin. 2011.
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Newman, John Henry — • Lengthy and admiring biography of Newman as a thinker, author, leader, and illustrious convert to Catholicism Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Newman, John Henry … Catholic encyclopedia
Newman, John Henry — known as Cardinal Newman born Feb. 21, 1801, London, Eng. died Aug. 11, 1890, Birmingham, Warwick English churchman and man of letters. He attended the University of Oxford, where in 1833 he became the leader of the Oxford Movement, which… … Universalium
Newman, John Henry — (1801–90) Theologian and Cardinal. Newman was educated at the University of Oxford, and was ordained into the Church of England ministry. In 1828 he was appointed vicar of the University Church. He came to the notice of the public with his… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Newman, John Henry — (1801 1890) His father was a London banker of Huguenot stock, and after a private education, John graduated without distinction from Trinity College, Oxford, in 1820. He was fellow of Oriel College from 1822 to 1832, when he was forced to… … British and Irish poets
Newman,John Henry — New·man (no͞oʹmən, nyo͞oʹ ), John Henry. 1801 1890. British prelate and theologian. A founder of the Oxford movement, he converted to Roman Catholicism (1845) and was made a cardinal (1879). * * * … Universalium
Newman, John Henry — llamado cardenal Newman (21 feb. 1801, Londres, Inglaterra–11 ago. 1890, Birmingham, Warwick). Clérigo y literato inglés. Se educó en la Universidad de Oxford, donde en 1833 encabezó el movimiento de Oxford, que resaltaba los elementos católicos… … Enciclopedia Universal
NEWMAN, JOHN HENRY — cardinal, born in London, son of a banker; educated at Ealing, studied at Trinity College, Oxford, and obtained a Fellowship in Oriel College in 1823; trained in evangelical beliefs, he gradually drifted into High Church notions, and becoming… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
NEWMAN, John Henry — (1801 1890) one of the most controversial and important English ANGLICAN theologians of the nineteenth century who eventually became a Roman CATHOLIC Cardinal (1879). His Apologia Pro Vita Sua (1864) is a spiritual classic while The Idea of a… … Concise dictionary of Religion
John Henry Cardinal Newman — John Henry Newman John Henry Newman Le cardinal John Henry Newman, né à Londres le 21 février 1801, et décédé le 11 août 1890, était un ecclésiastique … Wikipédia en Français
John Henry Newman — John Henry Newman † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Henry Newman (1801 1890) Cardinal Deacon of St. George in Velabro, divine, philosopher, man of letters, leader of the Tractarian Movement, and the most illustrious of English… … Catholic encyclopedia